Where Do Roundup Lawsuits Stand in the Federal Court Today?


Roundup, the famous glyphosate-based herbicide, is among the world’s top weed killers. It became commercially available in 1974 and quickly gained traction due to its high efficacy rate in blocking growth proteins in a variety of plants.

Over the decades, speculations have circulated that Roundup causes major health issues, the most prominent of which is cancer. From third-generation farmers to amateur gardeners at home, Roundup has been a go-to aspect of their plantation efforts.

The Guardian conducted an interview with a Californian man, John Barton, who was a third-generation farmer. Barton had sprayed hundreds of thousands of gallons of Roundup throughout the course of 30 years. He mentioned that there had never really been any regulation (besides the need for hazmat suits) regarding the use of Roundup.

In fact, there was no protection offered during the initial years as Monsanto (Roundup’s producer, later acquired by Bayer) claimed it was perfectly safe. Today, the company is facing thousands of lawsuits, with more pouring in as the months go by.

2016: The Year When It All Began

One major reason why Roundup was considered safe during the initial years was that it inhibits growth proteins in plants through an enzyme pathway not present in humans. Hence, even genetically-modified food crops or GMOs were introduced during the mid-1990s, and Roundup was used in large quantities by farmers across the US and the UK.

It is only in the last two decades that glyphosate’s real face has come to light. Back in 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) considered Roundup weed killer to be “probably carcinogenic.” Around this time, Monsanto was still claiming that Roundup was perfectly safe for humans.

In 2016, Dewayne Lee Johnson filed a Roundup lawsuit against Monsanto, alleging that the product was responsible for his Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma diagnosis. Dewayne stated that he did not have a family history of cancer and had been using Roundup as a farmer for decades.

Johnson was particularly afraid that he may have exposed his sons to the disease too (who are also farmers). Given his failing condition, Dewayne’s case was the first-ever Roundup lawsuit to proceed to trial, during which a California jury demanded that Monsanto pay $289 million in damages.

Dewayne’s case reached a settlement in August 2018. Just a year later, a Mutation Research report released by multiple universities found that frequent exposure to high amounts of glyphosate increased the risk of developing cancer, endocrine disruption, and genetic alterations. It was around this time that the seventh edition of the ‘March against Monsanto’ took place in full force across the world but primarily in the US and France.

Since then, study after study has only confirmed that Monsanto (now Bayer) significantly downplayed the dangers of Roundup.

Lawsuits and Settlements Over the Years

After Dewayne’s Roundup trial, several plaintiffs filed a Roundup lawsuit over the years. Two high-profile cases in the Federal Court included a plaintiff who claimed they developed cancer after using Roundup for over three decades. The jury initially awarded the plaintiff $2 billion in damages, but the amount was later considered to be excessive and reduced to $86.7 million.

A similar situation occurred with another plaintiff who was awarded $75 million in punitive damages alone but later received only $20 million. To date, Monsanto and Bayer have settled nearly 100,000 Roundup lawsuit cases, with 30,000 still awaiting settlement or trial as of 2022.

Most cases received a positive verdict from the jury and relevant settlement, but Bayer has had its fair share of victories too. For instance – A child was diagnosed with Burkitt’s lymphoma allegedly due to Roundup, but the California Court did not find any such link. The verdict fell in favor of the defendant as no substantial cause for the diagnosis could be proved.

The latest update on the Roundup lawsuit (as of May 2023) is that nearly 4000 cases are pending in Federal multi-district litigation in California. New cases are still coming in as lawyers accept claims for negotiations or trials.

Reasons for Fast Claims Settlement

In effect, Roundup lawsuits have received settlements at a fast pace. Initially, Monsanto was willing to make a $45 million class-action settlement for false advertising claims, but this was turned down by the California jury.

The class-action settlement did not account for the personal injury claims of individual plaintiffs. However, the considerably high number of cases made it impracticable to go through each case individually. The interesting fact is that Roundup lawsuits were handled both through class-action settlements and multi-district litigations.

A class-action settlement was used in cases:

  • Where two or more plaintiffs shared commonalities
  • The defenses and claims of the representative parties were similar to the defenses and claims of the class
  • The representatives were vested in protecting the interests of the class

A multi-district litigation was used when:

  • Individual circumstances were so vastly different (in the context of the injuries suffered) that a class action was deemed challenging.
  • The way people purchased and used Roundup was different and needed individual attention

This played a key role in accelerating settlements for over 100,000 cases through the years.

Importance of Attorney Intervention

In most cases of speedy settlements, attorney intervention played a major role. The best lawyer for a Roundup lawsuit is the one qualified to win cases against well-resourced defendants like Monsanto and Bayer across all 50 US states.

The lawsuit may be filed by any person who was exposed to Roundup for years and was subsequently diagnosed with cancer (especially Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). However, only a qualified attorney can confirm eligibility on a case-to-case basis.

According to TorHoerman Law, the plaintiff needs to produce evidence in court that they were exposed to Roundup for years, including receipts, bills of purchase, medical and employment records, etc. They are only eligible to file a lawsuit if they meet the statute of limitations, which is a maximum of three years from the day of diagnosis (but may vary among states).

Since the defendant is a multinational corporation with limitless resources, it would not be wise to proceed with a Roundup lawsuit without a qualified attorney.

Final Thoughts

Today, the evidence against Monsanto/Bayer’s initial claims is overwhelming. This evidence is further confirmed by Bayer’s personal statement that it would take down Roundup from the shelves starting in 2023. This is a major leap on the company’s part to avoid further lawsuits.

However, Bayer has also stated that this move is exclusively made to avoid further litigation risks and has nothing to do with the product’s health concerns. As such, it plans to let commercial farmers have access to Roundup’s original formula.

While Bayer implements its five-point plan to reduce future litigation risks, Roundup lawsuits still continue to pile up in the US California Federal Court.

4 Ways You Can Contribute to a Cleaner Planet

While many people may be under the impression that the well-being of the earth is someone else’s problem, the truth is that it’s a collective concern that all of us share. Despite the idea you might have that you’re only one small person in the big picture, and the actions you take won’t make a difference in the long run, this couldn’t be further from the truth.

If each person made small changes, they would add up significantly. Your contributions whether big or small can make a difference not only in the world today, but also in future generations. Here are some of the ways you can contribute to a cleaner planet and make a difference.

Embrace Sustainability

There are all sorts of ways that you can embrace sustainability in your daily life. From choosing businesses that prioritize eco-friendly practices, to purchasing local goods, the way you shop is a great place to start.

Additionally, you can consider starting a compost, or even growing your own garden. Look for opportunities in your community like picking up trash, and participating in recycling programs. There are plenty of opportunities to contribute if you look for them. Sometimes it’s simply a matter of seeking them out.

Practice the 3 R’s

Reducing reusing and recycling is still just as effective as ever. Reduce your overall waste production, reuse whenever possible, and recycle as much as possible. Buy products that can be used over and over instead of opting for single use, and use metal water bottles instead of plastic ones.

Get to know which products can be recycled or not, and consider buying products that are made entirely of recyclable materials. From your printer paper, to your toilet paper, supporting businesses that create products made with recyclable products only will be helping to contribute to the planet.

Reduce Water Consumption

Water is one of the most precious resources that we have on the earth. Conserving it as much as possible is a critical part of keeping our planet healthy. A great place to start is by reducing the amount of time you stay in the shower or even considering showering every other day. You may even want to consider collecting rainwater for your plants instead of using the faucet. While you’re at it, fix any leaky faucets to preserve water as much as possible. Not only will the earth thank you for conserving water, but so will your wallet!

Use Alternative Sources of Transportation

Even though your car is often the most practical solution for getting around, it’s not the best form of transportation for the planet. Find ways to use alternative sources of transportation in your daily life. From riding your bicycle to work to taking the bus. You may even want to consider starting a carpool with your coworkers which can reduce emissions, and also save you money on transportation costs.


What game is popular right now Xbox?

As one of the most popular gaming platforms in the world, Xbox has a vast library of games that caters to all kinds of best australian pokies online gamers. From immersive single-player experiences to intense multiplayer battles, there’s something for everyone on Xbox. With that being said, let’s take a look at some of the most popular games on Xbox right now.


Fortnite is an online multiplayer battle royale game that has taken the gaming world by storm. The game has a unique building mechanic that allows players to construct structures and defenses on the fly, making it a dynamic and ever-changing experience. Fortnite’s popularity is due to its addictive gameplay, constantly evolving content, and its free-to-play business model.

Call of Duty: Warzone

Call of Duty: Warzone is a free-to-play battle royale game that is part of the popular Call of Duty franchise. The game has a massive map and can host up to 150 players in a single match, making it a thrilling and intense experience. The game also has a robust load out system that allows players to customize their weapons and gear to suit their play style.


Minecraft is a sandbox game that has been around for over a decade, but it’s still incredibly popular among gamers of all ages. The game allows players to create and explore vast open worlds, making it a perfect game for those who enjoy creative building and exploration. Minecraft also has a multiplayer mode, allowing players to team up and build together.

Grand Theft Auto V

Grand Theft Auto V is an action-adventure online slots in uk game that has been around since 2013, but it’s still one of the most popular games on Xbox. The game has a vast open world that players can explore, with plenty of missions, activities, and mini-games to keep them entertained. Grand Theft Auto V also has a robust online mode that allows players to team up and complete heists together.


In conclusion, these are just a few of the most popular games on Xbox right now. As with any popular platform, the game library is constantly changing and evolving, so be sure to keep an eye out for new releases and updates. Play an online casino games and huge bonuses.


Strategies for Boosting Box Office Movie Success

Movies have always been a popular form of entertainment, and a successful film can bring in millions of dollars in revenue. However, not every movie is a blockbuster hit, and many fail to generate enough income to cover their production costs. So, what can movie producers and studios do to maximize their movie income and boost their box office success? Here are some strategies to consider.

Develop a Strong Marketing Campaign

A strong marketing campaign is crucial in generating buzz and excitement for a movie while playing Australian mobile casinos . This includes creating eye-catching posters and trailers, partnering with influential brands and personalities, and leveraging social media platforms to reach a wider audience. A well-executed marketing campaign can help a movie stand out among the sea of releases and create a sense of anticipation among audiences.

Release at the Right Time

Choosing the right release date can make a significant difference in a movie’s success. A crowded release schedule can make it challenging for a movie to stand out, so producers should aim to release their films during a less competitive time. Holidays and weekends tend to be popular times for movie releases, but it can also be beneficial to choose a release date that aligns with a specific event or celebration.

Utilize Streaming Services

In recent years, streaming services like Netflix and Amazon Prime have become increasingly popular. These platforms offer movie producers and studios a new avenue to generate revenue, as they can sell the distribution rights to their films for a substantial sum. Additionally, streaming services can help movies reach a wider audience, as they are available to watch anytime, anywhere.

Focus on International Markets

The global box office is becoming increasingly important, as international markets now make up a significant portion of movie income. Producers and studios should consider tailoring their movies to international audiences, such as by featuring international actors or incorporating themes that resonate with specific cultures. Additionally, releasing movies in multiple languages can help them reach a broader audience – at lot like what we see being done in the real money casinos industry.

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, maximizing movie income requires a multi-faceted approach that includes a strong marketing campaign, strategic release timing, the utilization of streaming services, a focus on international markets, and consideration of merchandising opportunities. By employing these strategies, movie producers and studios can increase their chances of box office success and generate substantial revenue from their films.


Smart DIY Storage Solutions for Decluttering Your Space

With everyday items around us, it’s easy for our homes to become overcrowded or cluttered. To make matters worse, buying storage containers or organizers can be expensive try to play best australia online casino games. That’s why it makes sense to take a DIY approach and create clever storage solutions with things you already have lying around the house. Decluttering your home doesn’t need to cost an arm and a leg. Smart DIY Storage Solutions will show you how to organize all of your belongings in ways that are simple, cost-effective and above all else aesthetically pleasing! Get ready to revamp your living space with these budget-friendly ideas!

More Solutions To Declutter Your Space:

With so many items in our homes, it can be difficult to keep everything organized and out of the way. But with a few creative solutions, you can easily declutter your home without breaking the bank. Here are some great ideas to get you started:

Wall-Mounted Storage:

This is a great way to maximize space and add visual interest to your walls. You can use pegboards, baskets and shelves to store items like books, magazines, cleaning supplies and even small kitchen appliances. Plus, you can paint the wall-mounted pieces in any colour to match your décor!Did you know you have more chances of winning best payout casino games if you are in a good environment

Hanging Shoe Organizers:

These are a great way to store items like hats, scarves, belts and other accessories that don’t fit in drawers. The pockets are also perfect for storing small items like keys, wallets or even craft supplies. You can hang them on the back of doors or on walls for easy access!

Under-Bed Storage:

This is a great solution for freeing up closet space. You can slide in boxes, bins and baskets to store extra blankets, pillows, clothes and more. Plus, this storage option keeps your items out of sight until you need them.

The Bottom Line

With these simple yet effective DIY storage solutions, you’ll be able to declutter your home in no time. Where you benefit more in terms of real money costs, you also gain a sense of accomplishment from making something with your own two hands. So get creative and start organizing!


The Importance of Nutrition in Football

Football is a demanding sport that requires a high level of physical fitness and endurance. To perform at their best, footballers need to fuel their bodies with the right nutrients. Proper nutrition can make a significant difference in a player’s performance on the field. In this article, we will explore the importance of nutrition in football and provide tips on how to fuel your body for optimal performance.

Why Nutrition is Important in Football

Nutrition plays a crucial role in football performance. Footballers need to maintain a healthy weight, build and maintain muscle mass, and have sufficient energy to perform for the entire match. Poor nutrition can lead to fatigue, poor concentration, casino games online,and decreased endurance, which can negatively affect a player’s performance on the field. Proper nutrition can provide footballers with the energy, strength, and endurance needed to perform at their best.

Nutrients Essential for Footballers

Footballers need to consume a balanced diet that provides all the essential nutrients. Here are some of the key nutrients that are important for footballers:


Complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, provide sustained energy throughout a football match. Footballers need to consume these carbohydrates, as they are the body’s primary source of energy.


Lean protein sources, such as chicken, fish, and legumes, are crucial for football players. Protein helps in building and repairing muscle tissue, which is essential for the body’s overall performance.


Healthy fats, such as nuts, seeds, and avocados, play a crucial role in the diet of football players. Fats provide a vital source of energy and aid in the regulation of hormone levels in the body, which is essential for maintaining optimal performance on the field.

Tips to Optimize Your Body’s Performance Through Nutrition

Eat a Balanced Diet

Footballers should consume a balanced diet that includes carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats, and vitamins and minerals.

Stay Hydrated

It is essential to stay hydrated to maintain optimal performance on the field. Footballers should drink plenty of water and electrolyte-rich beverages to prevent dehydration.

Time Your Meals

Timing your meals is essential to ensure you have sufficient energy for the entire match. Footballers should eat a meal rich in carbohydrates and protein 2-3 hours before the match and consume a light snack 30 minutes before the match.Did you know you can enjoy snack while you playing online casino real money games


In conclusion, proper nutrition is crucial for football performance. Footballers need to consume a balanced diet that provides all the essential nutrients to fuel their bodies for optimal performance on the field. By following these tips, footballers can ensure they are providing their bodies with the right nutrients to perform at their best so that they can also play casino games.



The Best Movies Featuring the Late Heath Ledger

Heath Ledger was a talented and versatile actor who left an indelible mark on the film industry with his captivating performances. Despite his untimely death in 2008, his legacy lives on through his exceptional body of work.

From his breakout role in the teen romantic comedy “10 Things I Hate About You” to his posthumous Academy Award-winning turn as the Joker in “The Dark Knight,” Ledger’s performances continue to captivate audiences and inspire fellow actors. In this article, we will explore some of the best movies featuring the late Heath Ledger and celebrate his talent and contribution to the world of cinema.

The Best Movies Featuring the Late Heath Ledger

Heath Ledger was a talented actor who left a lasting impression on the film industry with his captivating performances and loved pokies online games. Here are some of the best movies featuring the late Heath Ledger:

1. The Dark Knight (2008)

In this Christopher Nolan-directed Batman movie, Ledger played the Joker, a performance that earned him a posthumous Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His portrayal of the Joker is widely regarded as one of the greatest performances in cinematic history.

2. Brokeback Mountain (2005)

In this romantic drama directed by Ang Lee, Ledger played a Wyoming ranch hand who falls in love with a fellow cowboy (played by Jake Gyllenhaal). Ledger’s sensitive portrayal of the character earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.

3. 10 Things I Hate About You (1999)

In this teen romantic comedy, Ledger played Patrick Verona, a charming and rebellious high school student who tries to win the heart of the school’s most popular girl. The movie helped launch Ledger’s career, slot machines and showcased his talent for both drama and comedy.

4. A Knight’s Tale (2001)

In this medieval adventure film directed by Brian Helgeland, Ledger played William Thatcher, a peasant who pretends to be a knight to compete in jousting tournaments. The movie is a fun and lighthearted romp, and Ledger’s performance is charismatic and engaging.



Netflix is the place to go if you ever need to chill and watch movie of different genres. Here’s a list of some of the best comedy movies available on Netflix.

The Hangover

A group of friends travel to Las Vegas for a bachelor party, but things get out of hand when they wake up with no memory of the previous night and the groom missing.


A woman is asked to be the maid of honor at her best friend’s wedding, but she struggles to compete with the other bridesmaids and deal with her own personal issues.

21 Jump Street

Two unlikely police officers go undercover as teenagers to bust a drug ring in a high school.

The Other Guys

Two mismatched detectives get their chance to shine when they stumble upon a huge case that nobody else wants to touch.


Two high school seniors go on a wild adventure to buy alcohol for a party, but things go awry when they encounter a series of unexpected obstacles.

The 40-Year-Old Virgin

A man who has never had sex tries to find love and navigate the world of dating with the help of his friends while playing australia online casino real money games and having fun.

Mean Girls

A teenage girl tries to navigate the social hierarchy of high school after moving from Africa and befriending the popular girls.

Step Brothers

Two middle-aged men become stepbrothers and are forced to live together, which leads to a series of hilarious events.

Wedding Crashers

Two friends crash weddings to meet women, but their plan gets complicated when one of them falls for the daughter of a powerful politician.

Pineapple Express

Two stoners get caught up in a dangerous drug war after witnessing a murder.


In conclusion, just 1kine south african casino games sites, Netflix has a great selection of comedy movies to choose from. Whether you’re in the mood for a classic film like The 40-Year-Old Virgin or a newer movie like Pineapple Express, there’s something for everyone. So grab some popcorn, sit back, and get ready to laugh out loud with these top comedy movies on Netflix.


Ask These Questions Before Building Your Home

Building a new home can be an exciting but overwhelming experience, especially when it comes to choosing the right general contractor to bring your dream home to life. You might be thinking of celebrating your new house with friends and a bottle of Monterey Pinot Noir, but you’ll have to wait for a while. First, you need to work with a general contractor. A general contractor is responsible for managing and coordinating all aspects of the construction project, including hiring and supervising subcontractors, purchasing materials, and ensuring that the project is completed on time and within budget.

Choosing the right general contractor is critical to the success of your construction project, and you need to ask them the right questions to make sure they are the right fit for your needs. Here are some questions you need to ask your general contractor before they start building your house:

  1. Can you provide references and examples of your previous work? It’s essential to see the quality of work the general contractor has delivered in the past. Ask for references from previous clients, and if possible, visit some of the projects they have completed to evaluate the quality of their work. This will help you assess their competence and determine whether they can deliver the kind of home you want.
  2. Do you have a valid license and insurance? A valid license shows that the contractor has met the minimum requirements for performing construction work in your area. Insurance, on the other hand, protects you from any damages or injuries that may occur during the construction process. Always verify that your general contractor has a valid license and insurance before they start working on your project.
  3. How long have you been in business? A general contractor’s experience is a critical factor when it comes to selecting the right contractor. A contractor with a long history of successful projects will have the expertise and knowledge necessary to handle any challenges that may arise during the construction process.
  4. What is your project management approach? Your general contractor’s project management approach will affect how the project is executed, and it’s crucial to understand how they plan to manage the project to ensure that everything runs smoothly. Ask about their communication plan, the frequency of updates, and their problem-solving approach.
  5. Who will be in charge of the project, and how will you communicate with them? It’s essential to know who will be in charge of the project and who you will communicate with during the construction process. Your general contractor should provide you with a point of contact who can answer your questions and keep you updated on the project’s progress.
  6. What is your timeline for completing the project? Knowing the timeline for completing the project is essential, as it helps you plan accordingly. Ask your general contractor about the estimated timeline for each phase of the project and the overall completion date.
  7. What is your pricing structure? Understanding the pricing structure is crucial in managing your budget. Ask your general contractor about their pricing structure, whether it’s a fixed price or cost-plus pricing, and the payment schedule. A fixed price gives you a clear idea of how much the project will cost, while cost-plus pricing can result in additional costs if the project goes over budget.
  8. How do you handle changes to the project scope? Changes to the project scope can happen for various reasons, and it’s important to understand how your general contractor handles them. Ask about their change order process, how they determine the cost of changes, and whether they require written approval before proceeding with any changes.
  9. What warranties do you offer? A warranty protects you against any defects in materials or workmanship that may occur after the construction process is completed. Ask your general contractor about their warranty policy and what it covers.
  10. What is your cleanup and disposal process? Construction generates a lot of waste, and it’s essential to know how your general contractor will handle the cleanup and disposal of waste materials. Ask about their disposal process and whether they will leave the construction site clean and safe after completing the project.

In summary, choosing the right general contractor is crucial for the success of your construction project. By asking the above questions, you can evaluate their experience, quality of work, project management approach, pricing structure, warranties, and cleanup process. Don’t hesitate to ask as many questions as you need to ensure that you find a contractor who is the right fit for your needs and can deliver the home of your dreams.


Regulations Surrounding Move Away Cases

When one parent wants to relocate with the child outside of their current area, it is commonly referred to as a “move-away” case. It is important to understand the regulations surrounding move away cases and child custody before making any decisions. Since 2013, custody orders in Alabama have been required to comply with the state’s Parent-Child Relationship Protection Act (often called the “Relocation Act”). The Relocation Act was written on the assumption that children tend to benefit the most when both parents continue to be a regular part of their lives. The Relocation Act limits parents’ ability to relocate in a way that deprives their children the ability to maintain an ongoing relationship with the other parent.

Courts are required to make decisions based on the best interests of the child. The court will consider several factors when deciding whether or not to grant permission for a parent to relocate with their children such as:

  • The child’s age, developmental stage, and needs.
  • The child’s relationship with both parents.
  • The impact of the move on the child’s educational opportunities, social life, and relationships with extended family members.
  • The reasons why one parent wants to relocate
  • Whether or not there are any alternatives available that would allow both parents continued access to their children without requiring relocation
  • Any history of domestic violence, substance abuse, or neglect.
  • The ability of the parents to co-parent effectively, both before and after the move.
  • Any other relevant factors that may affect the best interests of the child

The regulations surrounding move-away cases can vary by state, but most states require a parent who wants to move away with the child to obtain court permission. In Alabama, for example, a parent must provide written notice to the other parent at least 45 days before the proposed move. The other parent then has the opportunity to object to the move, and a court hearing is scheduled to resolve the dispute. Ultimately, it is up to the judge presiding over your case to decide whether or not relocation is in your child’s best interest. Courts are required to make decisions based on the best interests of the child. However, there is no one-size-fits-all solution in move-away cases. Each case is unique, and the court must consider all relevant factors to make an informed decision.

Joint custody is a common arrangement in move-away cases. In these situations, the parents share legal custody of the child, but physical custody is granted to one parent. The other parent typically has visitation rights. In some cases, the parents might agree to a long-distance visitation schedule that allows the non-custodial parent to maintain a meaningful relationship with the child. This can include extended visits during school breaks or holidays, regular phone or video calls, and other arrangements that work for the family.

When it comes to sole custody cases, if one parent wishes to move out of state with their child they must obtain permission from either another court or from all other individuals who have been granted custodial rights by a court order. If multiple individuals have been granted custodial rights by a court order then all parties must agree before any relocation can take place. If you have substantial debts that are going unpaid, then you might talk to a local bankruptcy attorney in Prattville, Alabama. It is important for parents in this situation to understand that even though they may have sole physical custody of their children they still need permission from all other custodial parties before relocating out-of-state with them.

Move-away cases and child custody can be complex and emotionally charged. Parents should try to reach an agreement before going to court, but when that’s not possible, it’s important to have a thorough understanding of the legal regulations and factors considered in these cases. Ultimately, the goal is to ensure the child’s best interests are at the forefront of any decisions made. With the help of experienced legal counsel and a commitment to co-parenting, families can navigate these difficult situations and find a solution that works for everyone involved.